Extreme poverty is the engine of international labor migration which the richer countries are notoriously reluctant to accommodate. The spread of disease is difficult to control if weak countries lack capacity to participate in an international response. Whilst the risk of terrorism is often complex in origin, extreme poverty is the ideal recruiting ground for its foot soldiers.
From a more positive perspective, neo-liberal capitalism thirsts for a larger world economy. A prosperous Africa would increase the slice of the cake for others. If India could eradicate its mass rural and urban poverty, the country would achieve the economic superpower status it craves.
These are lists of countries of the world by percentage of population living in poverty. “Poverty” defined as an economic condition of lacking both money and necessities needed to successfully live, such as food, water, education, healthcare, and shelter. There are many working definitions of “poverty,” with considerable debate on how to best define the term. Income security, economic stability, and the predictability of one is continued means to meet basic needs all serve as absolute indicators of poverty. Poverty may therefore also be defined as the economic condition of lacking predictable and stable means of meeting basic life needs.
The first table lists countries by the percentage of their population with an income of less than 1.25, and less than 2, US dollars per day. The sourced data refers to the most recent year available during the period 2000-2007.
The second table lists countries by the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line — the poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. Definitions of the poverty line may vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Thus, the numbers are not strictly comparable among countries. Here is the link, you can visit to see the world database of extreme poverty